Demesne farming

Particularly common in the 13c, the phrase refers to the practice of a lord farming his land himself, using his villeins, rather than renting it out. A *bailiff would be responsible to his lord for all profits of a *manor. When prices were high, such self-management was advantageous, esp. with free labour; however, at times of uncertainty, a fixed annual sum had merits. -

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

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  • Demesne — Property owned freely; land held for the lord s own use rather than let or leased. This land would have been worked for the lord by his serfs, occupying between a fifth and a third of the land available. It was likely that this *manor was the… …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • Demesne — The part of the lord s manorial lands reserved for his own use and not allocated to his serfs or freeholder tenants. Serfs worked in the demesne for a specified numbers of days per week. The demesne could either be scattered among the serfs land …   Medieval glossary

  • High Farming — ♦ Practice of landlords whereby demesne lands were kept in hand, cultivated with wage or unfree labour, and the produce consumed or sold for profit. (Waugh, Scott. England in the Reign of Edward III, 238) Related terms: Demesne …   Medieval glossary

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